History Batik Cirebon

Cirebon batik production centers located in the village allegedly Trusmi Plered Cirebon Cirebon City is out as far as 4 km to the west or toward the direction of Bandung. In the village and surrounding Trusmi there are more than 1000 workers or craftsmen batik. Batik workforce comes from several areas around the village Trusmi, such as from the village Gamel, Kaliwulu, Wotgali and Kalitengah.

In general, Cirebon batik including batik into coastal groups, but also some batik Cirebon batik palace belongs to the class. This is because having two Cirebon Kraton Kraton is Keratonan Kasepuhan and Kanoman, supposedly based on the history of these two royal palace appeared several Cirebonan Classical batik design, which until now is still done by some rural communities such as motive Mega Trusmi Unisex, Paksinaga Liman, Patran Keris , Patran Kangkung, Lion Umbrella, Singa Barong, Banjar Balong, Chicken Base, plane bride, Katewono, Mount Giwur, Simbar Menjangan, Simbar Kendo and others.

Some important things that can become a feature or characteristic that is also owned by batik Cirebon is as follows:

batik a.Desain Cirebonan nuanced traditional classical in general always involves wadasan motif (rock) on parts of a particular motive. In addition there is also a cloud-shaped decorative element (mega) on the parts that are adjusted with its main motif.

b.Batik Cirebonan traditional classics have always been characterized by the color of the background (base fabric) younger than the color line on main motive.

c.Bagian background or base fabric is usually clean look of black stains or colors that are not desired in the manufacturing process. Black stain and can be caused by the use of batik wax break, so the process of dye staining is not desired permeate the fabric.

d.Garis-line Cirebonan batik motifs on the use of single lines and thin (small) approximately 0.5 mm with an older line of color compared with the background color. This is because the process of batik Cirebon superior in closing (blocking area) using a special canting to make the process of closure, that is using and bleber canting wall (made of bamboo sticks on the edges given a piece of cotton yarn thick and placed on one end of bamboo poles).

e.Warna-dominant color batik traditional classical Cirebonan usually have a yellow color (Sogan pads), the basic colors of black and beige, or dark red, navy blue, basic black with a cream color or ivory fabric.

f.Batik Cirebonan tend to choose some of the background fabric is left empty without filled with decorative shaped tanahan or rentesan (ganggeng plant-shaped ornament). Decorative shapes or rentesan tanahan is usually used by batik-batik from Pekalongan.

Still with batik Cirebonan, but have different characteristics with the previous group Cirebonan coastal batik. Batik Cirebonan coastal strongly influenced by the character of coastal communities which generally have a soul open and receptive to foreign cultural influences. Developments at the present time, which is owned by staining Cirebonan more colorful batik and uses elements of the lighter colors and brighter, and has a decorative shape which is free to combine elements of animals and other forms of visual diverse flora.

In a region with many foreigners sekitarpelabuhan usually transiting, anchored to happen different ethnic marriages (assimilation), the coastal batik Cirebonan more likely to receive from outside cultural influences brought by immigrants. Cirebon batik so this one is more likely to be able to meet or follow consumer tastes from various regions (more to the fulfillment of commodity trade and komersialitas), making the colors more attractive coastal batik Cirebonan using many colors. Cirebonan batik production at present consists of Batik Tulis, Cap and batik batik stamp stationery combination. In the year 1990 - 2000 there are some communities Cirebonan batik artisans who produce batik cloth Cirebonan screen printing technique with hand (hand printing), but lately the hand silk-screening technique is almost extinct, due to the silk-screening techniques can not compete with machines that are owned by companies more large. Trusmi batik growth appears to move quickly beginning in 2000, it can be seen from the emerging batik showroom showrooms around the main village road and Panembahan Trusmi. Batik showroom owner Trusmi almost entirely owned by the original Trusmi community although there are one or two are owned by the owners of capital from outside Trusmi.

Sample Collection Batik Cirebonan:

Batik Komar Motif Ganggengan

Batik Komar Motif Singa Payung

Batik Mega Mendung

Batik Wilejeung Rawuh

Source : http://www.netsains.com


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