Dompu, 1815

But, as seen in the transformation Dompu history, which destroyed pralaya often be moments where life and the birth of a new social consensus had been built with great hope.
Dompu district that lies between Sumbawa and Bima, interesting to be observed because of the unique historical development. As a region with a history of a long history, as well Dompu failure precisely because of the birth of a trans formative pralaya devastating.

Nangasia megalithic sites, located in District Hu'u, approximately 35 km from downtown Dompu, the ruins that mark the history of how Dompu has a long history. In that area it was found Nangasia archaeological objects such as pottery, beads, cobek, pots, jars, animal bone and tortoiseshell. Nangasia sites is estimated as a "necropolis" or the burial place of settlement from the first centuries AD.

Long before knowing the hierarchical form of the royal government, the people in the region live in Dompu led by a number of tribal chieftains, usually called "Ncuhi".

Among Ncuhi, there are at least four of the most recognized Ncuhi: (1) Ncuhi ruling Hu'u Hu'u (now sub Hu'u), (2) Ncuhi Saneo Saneo ruling and the surrounding area (now the Sub Woja), ( 3) Ncuhi ruling Nowa Nowa and surrounding areas, and (4) Tonda Ncuhi Tonda the ruling and the surrounding region (now Village in District Riwo Woja).

When the Majapahit Kingdom was enjoying its golden ages under the leadership and Gajah Mada Hayam Wuruk, people living in Dompu has been acquainted with the royal government system. Majapahit himself had done twice a military expedition to Dompu. The first expedition in 1344 successfully thwarted while a second expedition in 1357 managed to conquer Dompu.

In the mid 16th century, circa 1645, Dompu tantalize important transition following the establishment of Islam as the official religion of the kingdom by King Dompu Dompu called La Bata Na'e. Since then, the kings of Dompu start using the title of Sultan. The spread of Islam in Dompu performed by Sheikh Nurdin from the Arabian peninsula who arrived in Dompu in 1528.

Stability in Dompu began disrupted in the 19th century after a number of rebellions that allows the colonial government began to intervene. The climax occurred in 1809, Governor General Governor Van Kraam Daendels ordered to renew the agreement more binding Dompu.

Six years later, in April 1815, Mount Tambora erupted spectacularly. Tambora eruption of major concern for messing inviting the world's climate. Because of large amount of dust ejected into the atmosphere to cause "global cooling", to the point that in 1816 known as "the year without a summer '. In Western Europe, since the beginning of June 1815-only 1.5 months of intermittent eruption of Mount Tambora, occurred what is called "rain of the season." And it happened for a few weeks.

For civilization on Sumbawa Island, the eruption of Mount Tambora really become pralaya. Not only killed tens of thousands of people, the eruption was also destroyed and buried the three kingdoms of the kingdom of Tambora in Sumbawa, Concentration and Sanggar.

Uniquely, the Kingdom Dompu survived and were transferred by the central Dompu Sultan Abdul Apostle II. Not only that, the destruction of the kingdom of Tambora, Concentration and Sanggar makes the territory of the Kingdom Dompu become increasingly widespread.

This can lead to transformation Dompu history, shaping the so-called Dompu Bou (New Dompu). The eruption of Tambora in April 1815, which became the largest in the history pralaya Sumbawa Island, now precisely defined as the birthday of the Regency.

But that destroys pralaya often be moments where life and the birth of a new social consensus often successfully built with great hope. Like life on Earth is born again after the great flood in Noah's era or Aceh successful weaving of social and political consensus that new pralaya after a devastating tsunami.

Source: jurnas


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