History of Nusantara in the era of Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms

Indonesia started to grow in the days of Hindu-Buddhist kingdom thanks to trade relations with neighboring countries or further afield such as India, China, and Middle East region. Hindu religion into Indonesia is estimated at the beginning of AD era, brought by travelers from India, among others: Maha Rishi Agastya, which in Java known as Guru or Dwipayana and travelers from China namely Pahyien Buddhist pilgrims.

In the 4th century empire in West Java have the character of the Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms Tarumanagara is continuing with the Kingdom of Sunda until the 16th century.

In this period also appeared the two great kingdoms, namely the Sriwijaya and Majapahit. During the 7th century until the 14th century, the Buddhist kingdom of Sriwijaya in Sumatra growing rapidly. China I-Tsing explorers visited around the year 670 the capital of Palembang. At the peak of its glory, the Srivijaya controlled as far as Central Java and Cambodia. 14th century also witnessed the rise of a Hindu kingdom in East Java, the Majapahit. Majapahit Patih between the years 1331 to 1364, of Gajah Mada, managed to obtain power over the territory which now is mostly Indonesian and virtually all of peninsular Malays. Gajah Mada legacy from the period including the codification of law and the establishment of Javanese culture, as seen in the epic Ramayana.

The inclusion of Islamic teachings in about the 12th century, gave birth to the Islamic character of the kingdoms of our strong and expansionist, like Ocean Pasai in Demak in Java and Sumatra. The emergence of these kingdoms, gradually end the triumph of Sriwijaya and Majapahit, also marked the end of this era.


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