Islamic empire

Islam as a government presence in Indonesia around the 12th century, but in fact Islam has already arrived in Indonesia in the seventh century AD. At that time there was a busy shipping lane and the international nature through the Strait of Malacca linking the Tang Dynasty in China, the Srivijaya in Southeast Asia and the Umayyad dynasty in Western Asia since the 7th century. [4]

According to Chinese sources towards the end of the third quarter of 7th century, became the leader of an Arab merchant Muslim Arab settlements on the coast of Sumatra. Islam also gives effect to the existing political institutions. This is apparent in the year 100 AH (718 AD) King of Sriwijaya Jambi named Srindravarman send a letter to the Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz of the Umayyad Caliphate request sent preachers who could explain Islam to him. The letter reads: "From the King of Kings who is the descendant of a thousand kings, whose wife was also grandson of a thousand kings, who in the cage the animals there are a thousand elephants, whose territory there are two rivers that irrigate the tree aloes, spices, perfumes, nutmeg and lime the fragrant camphor fragrance until reaching distance of 12 miles, to the King of Arabs who do not associate other gods with Allah. I have sent to you gift, which is actually a gift that not too much, but just a sign of friendship. I want you to send me someone who can teach Islam to me and explained me about the laws. "Two years later, ie in 720 AD, King Srindravarman, which was originally a Hindu, converted to Islam. Sriwijaya Jambi also known by the name 'Islamic Sribuza'. Unfortunately, in the year 730 AD Sriwijaya Sriwijaya Palembang, Jambi, captured by a still adhered to Buddhism. [5]

Islam continues strong become a political institution that carry Islam. For example, an Islamic sultanate was founded in the name of the Sultanate Peureulak 1 Muharram 225 H or 12 November 839 AD Another example is the kingdom of Ternate. Islam was introduced to this kingdom in the Maluku islands in 1440. Its king, a Muslim named Bayanullah.

Islamic Sultanate later semikin spreading his teachings and through assimilation into the population, replacing the Hindu as a major confidence in the late 16th century in Java and Sumatra. Only Bali retained a majority of Hindus. On the islands in the east, Churchman-known Christian and Muslim clergy have been active in the 16th century and 17th, and currently there are a large majority of both religions on these islands.

The spread of Islam through trade relations outside the Archipelago; this case, because the preachers are spreading propaganda or envoys of the Islamic government that came from outside Indonesia, then to feed themselves and their families, the preachers of this work by way of trade, the preachers spreading even this Islam to the traders from the natives, until these traders are embracing Islam and also transmit to the rest of the population, since most merchants and experts was the first kingdom to adopt the new religion. Important Islamic empire including: Royal Ocean Pasai, Sultanate of Banten and establish diplomatic relations with European countries, the Kingdom of Mataram, and the Sultanate and the Sultanate of Ternate in the Maluku Tidore.


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