Proclamation of Indonesian Independence

Proclamation of Indonesian Independence Friday, August 17, 1945 Year of CE, or August 17, 2605 by year of Japanese is read by Ir. Sukarno, who was accompanied by Drs. Hatta East 56th Street Pegangsaan Central Jakarta.

On August 6, 1945 an atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by the United States which began to demoralize the spirit of the Japanese army in the world. A day later the Board of Inquiry Enterprises BPUPKI Preparation of Indonesian Independence, or "Dokuritsu Junbi Cosakai", renamed PPKI (Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence), or also called Dokuritsu Junbi Inkai in Japanese, to further emphasize the desire and the goal of achieving the independence of Indonesia. On August 9, 1945, a second atomic bomb dropped over Nagasaki, causing the Japanese surrendered to the United States and its allies. This moment is also used by Indonesia to declare independence.
August 17th Indonesian flag raised 1945.jpg

Sukarno, Hatta, as lead manager and Radjiman PPKI Wedyodiningrat as the former chairman of BPUPKI flown to Dalat, 250 kilometers northeast of Saigon, Vietnam to meet Marshal Terauchi. They reported that Japanese troops are on the verge of defeat and will provide independence to Indonesia. Meanwhile in Indonesia, on August 14, 1945, Sutan Syahrir have heard the news over the radio that Japan had surrendered to the Allies. Underground fighters preparing to declare independence, and rejected the independence of Japan were given as gifts.

On August 12, 1945, Japan by Marshal Terauchi in Dalat, Vietnam, told Sukarno, Hatta and Radjiman that the Japanese government will soon give independence to Indonesia and the proclamation of independence can be carried out within a few days, depending on how the PPKI. [1] Nevertheless Japan wants the independence of Indonesia on August 24.

Two days later, when Sukarno, Hatta and Radjiman return to homeland of Dalat, Sutan Syahrir urged Sukarno declared independence immediately due to consider results of meetings in Japan Dalat as a ruse, because every time Japan had to surrender to Allies and to avoid a split in nationalist stronghold, between the anti and pro-Japanese. Syahrir Hatta told about the results of the meeting in Dalat. Sukarno did not believe that Japan had surrendered, and the proclamation of independence when it may cause great bloodshed, and can have fatal consequences if Indonesian fighters were not ready. Soekarno Hatta reminded that Syahrir not entitled to declare independence because it is the right of Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI). Meanwhile Syahrir consider PPKI are bodies made in Japan and the proclamation of independence by PPKI only a 'gift' of Japan (sic).
Indonesian flag raising witnesses 17 August 1945.jpg

On August 14, 1945 Japan surrendered to the Allies. Army and Navy of Japan was still in power in Indonesia because Japan has promised to restore power in Indonesia in the hands of the Allies. Sutan Sjahrir, Wikana, Dervish, and Chaerul Saleh heard this news through the BBC radio. After hearing rumors of Japanese going to his knees, the young faction faction urged parents to immediately proclaimed Indonesia's independence. But the older group did not want to rush. They do not want bloodshed at the time of the proclamation. Consultation meetings were conducted in the form PPKI. Young Group does not approve the meeting, considering PPKI is a body established by the Japanese. They want freedom for our nation's own efforts, not giving the Japanese.

Sukarno and Hatta went to the military rulers of Japan (Gunsei) to obtain confirmation at his office in Koningsplein (Merdeka Square). But those empty office.

Sukarno and Hatta together and then to the office Soebardjo Bukanfu, Rear Admiral Maeda, at Jalan Medan Merdeka Utara (Maeda House on Jl Imam Bonjol 1). Maeda welcome them with congratulations on their success in Dalat. As he answered he had not received a confirmation and are still awaiting instructions from Tokyo. After the Maeda, Sukarno and Hatta immediately prepare a meeting of the Preparatory Committee of Indonesian Independence (PPKI) on August 16 at 10 am the next day at the office Pejambon Road No. 2 to discuss all things related to the preparation of the Proclamation of Independence.

A day later, the turbulent pressure that requires the takeover of power by Indonesian youths waged rapidly escalated from a few classes. PPKI Meeting on August 16 at 10 am was not implemented because the Sukarno and Hatta did not appear. Meeting participants did not know had happened Rengasdengklok events.


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