East Timor

From 1596 until 1975, East Timor was a Portuguese colony on the island of Timor, known as Portuguese Timor and separated from the northern coast of Australia by the Timor Sea. Due to political events in Portugal, Portuguese officials abruptly withdrew from East Timor during 1975. In local elections in 1975, Fretilin, the party that led in part by people who bring understanding of Marxism, and UDT, became the largest parties, having previously formed an alliance to campaign for independence from Portugal.

On December 7, 1975, Indonesian troops entered East Timor. Indonesia, which has a material and diplomatic support, assisted equipment supplied weaponry the United States and Australia, hopes to have East Timor they will acquire additional oil and natural gas reserves, and strategic location.

In the early days, the Indonesian military (ABRI) kills nearly 200,000 East Timorese - through murder, forced starvation and others. Many violations of human rights that occurred when East Timor was in the territory of Indonesia.

On August 30, 1999, the East Timorese vote for independence from Indonesia in a vote which held the UN. Approximately 99% of the population that is entitled to elect to participate; 3/4 vote for independence. Immediately after the results were announced, rumored that continued destruction of the Indonesian military in East Timor, such as damage to infrastructure in the area.

In October 1999, Parliament canceled the 1976 decree integrating East Timor into Indonesia, and the United Nations Transitional Authority (UNTAET) took over responsibility for governing East Timor so that full independence is achieved in May 2002 as the country of Timor Leste.


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