World War II

In May 1940, the beginning of World War II, the Netherlands was occupied by Nazi Germany. Dutch East Indies declared a state of siege and in July redirected exports for Japan to the United States and Britain. Negotiations with Japan aimed at securing supplies of aviation fuel in June 1941 failed, and the Japanese started their conquest of Southeast Asia in December of that year. That same month, factions from Sumatra Japanese assistance for a revolt against Dutch rule. The last Dutch forces were defeated Japan in March 1942.


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