Temples in Central Java and Yogyakarta

In the 7th century until the early 8th century, Central Java, there is a Hindu kingdom called Kalinga. At the end of the first half of the 8th century, it is estimated th. 732 M, King Sanjaya change the name of Kalinga to Mataram. Later Mataram was ruled by the descendants of Sanjaya (Wangsa Sanjaya). During the reign of King Sanjaya, is estimated to have been built Shiva temples in Dieng mountains.
At the end of the reign of King Sanjaya, who came from King Syailendra Sriwijaya (in Palembang), which overran the southern region in Central Java. Hindu Mataram power pushed to the north of Central Java.

Government Syailendra Buddhist king was followed by his offspring, Wangsa Syailendra. Thus, for more than a century, the years 750-850 AD, Central Java, is controlled by the two governments, ie governments Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty and Dynasty Syailendra that embraces the Buddhist Mahayana religion. In this period most temples in Central Java built. Therefore, the temples in the northern part of Central Java in general is of Hindu temples, while in the south are Buddhist temples. Second Dynasty which ruled in Central Java is finally united through marriage Rakai Pikatan (838-851 AD) with Pramodawardhani, Son of the House of Sovereigns Samarattungga Syailendra.

Temples in Central Java are generally facing the East, was built using rock andesite. The temple building and fat-bodied generally located in the center of the court. Between the legs and body of the temple there is a fairly wide hallway, which serves as a place to do a 'pradaksina'. On the threshold of the room and there are niches headdress Kala (Kalamakara) without the lower jaw. Forms the roof of the temple in central Java are generally broad with a peak or a stupa-shaped gem. Repeatability of the roof appears clearly.

In addition to the location and form of buildings, temples central Java has a special characteristic in terms of relief, namely Inscription in, the objects depicted in relief with figures Front naturalist forward. Boundary between one scene with another scene does not look real and there are fields left blank. Kalpataru tree is considered a sacred tree that grew out of a round-shaped object found in many temples of central Java.

Temples in Central Java and Yogyakarta, the number reached tens, general construction has strong links with the Hindu Kingdom of Mataram, both under government and Wangsa Wangsa Sanjaya Syailendra. Not all temples contained in this web site. Still many temples, particularly the small temples that have not been covered, including: Abang, Asu, Bogem, Bugisan, Candireja, Dawungsari, Dengok, Gampingan, Gatak, Gondang, Cave Sentana, Gunungsari, Gunungwukir (Canggal), Ijo, Kelurak, Marundan, Peacock, Miri, Morangan, emergence, Ngawen, Payak, Pendem, Pringapus, Retno, Sakaliman, Sojiwan, Umbul and Watugudig.


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