In the year 30 Hijri or 651 AD, only about 20 years ago of the Prophet's death, the Caliph Uthman ibn Affan RA to send a delegation to China to introduce Islamic Daulah recently stood. In a journey which took four years, the delegates turned out to Uthman had stopped at the islands of the archipelago. Some year later, exactly the year 674 AD, the Umayyad dynasty established a trading base on the west coast of Sumatra. This is the first introduction to Islam in the Indonesian population. Since then, Muslim sailors and traders continued to arrive, century after century. They buy the produce of the land of green nan this while preaching.

Gradually the natives began converting to Islam although not on a large scale. Of Aceh, the westernmost region of the Islands archipelago, is the first to accept Islam. Even in Acehlah first Islamic kingdom in Indonesia was established, namely Pasai. News from Marcopolo mention that at the time of year sojourn in Pasai 692 H / 1292 AD, has many Arabs who spread Islam. So did news of Ibn Battuthah, Muslim traveler from Maghribi., Who, when stopped in Aceh in the year 746 H / 1345 AD writes that the Shafi'i school of Aceh have been scattered. The oldest relic of Muslims in Indonesia are found in Gresik, East Java. Form of Islamic tomb complex, in which one of them is the tomb of a Muslim woman named Fatima bint Maimun. Numbers written on his tomb in 475 H / 1082 AD, ie at the time of the Kingdom Singasari. It is estimated that these tombs are not from the natives, but the graves of Arab traders.

Until the 8th century H / 14 F, there is no indigenous population Muslim massive archipelago. New in the 9th century H / 14 AD, the indigenous population to embrace Islam en masse. History experts argue that Islam entered the archipelago population on a large scale at that time was caused by centuries Muslims have a significant political force. Which is marked by the establishment of several Islamic kingdoms such as the Kingdom of patterned Aceh Darussalam, Malacca, Demak, Cirebon, and Ternate. The rulers of these kingdoms of mixed blood, descendants of the kings of pre-Islamic and indigenous migrants Arab. The rapid Islamization of the 14th century and 15 M, among others, also caused by the reflux of strength and influence of the kingdoms of the Hindu / Buddhist in the archipelago, such as Majapahit, Sriwijaya and Sundanese. Thomas Arnold in The Preaching of Islam says that the coming of Islam is not as conquerors as well as the Portuguese and Spanish. Islam came to Southeast Asia by way of peace, not with a sword, not by seizing political power. Islam entered the archipelago in a way that really show it as rahmatan lil'alamin. ArabicLanguage

With the native population into Islam Nusantara and the establishment of Islamic governments in various regions of this archipelago, the trade with Muslims from the center of the Islamic world became increasingly tighter. Arabs who migrated to the archipelago is also growing. The largest of them are derived from Hadramaut, Yemen. In Tarikh Hadramaut, migration is even said to be the largest in the history of Hadramaut. However, after the Christian European nations and with arriving gourmand-controlled areas in the archipelago for the region, relations with the center of the Islamic world as if disconnected. Especially in the 17th and 18th century AD. The reason, apart from being preoccupied with Muslims Nusantara resistance against colonialism, as well as various regulations created by the colonialists. Every time the invaders - notably the Netherlands - subdue the Islamic kingdom in the archipelago, they would have held out the royal ban treaty whose contents are related to trade with the outside world except through them. Then disconnect the archipelago with Muslims Muslims from other nations that has existed hundreds of years. Colonialist desire to alienate Muslims archipelago with its roots, is also visible from the assimilation policies that make them among the native Arabs.

Since the beginning of the arrival of Europeans in the late 15th century AD to the fertile islands of this prosperous, it has been shown to control their gluttony. Moreover, they found the fact that the population of these islands have embraced Islam, the religion of their enemies, so that the spirit of the Crusades was always take with them whenever they subjected a region. In combat they cooperated with the Islamic empires that still embraces indigenous Hindu / Buddhist. One example, to decide cruise lines Muslims, then after acquiring Malacca in 1511, the Portuguese cooperation with the Kingdom of Sunda Pajajaran to build a base at Sunda Kelapa. But the purpose of this Portuguese failed miserably after the combined armies of Islam from the north coast of Java island after them shoulder to shoulder in the year 1527 AD The great battle of this historic son Aceh led by a bloody Arabic Gujarati, namely Al-Pasai Fadhilah Khan, better known by his title, Fathahillah. Before becoming an important man in the three Muslim kingdoms of Java, namely Demak, Cirebon and Banten, Fathahillah had studied in Mecca. Even contributed to defend Mecca from the advancing Ottoman Turks.

The arrival of colonialists on the one side has raised the spirit of jihad of the Muslims archipelago, but on the other side make the deepening of belief in Islam is not uniform. Only among boarding schools (madrassas) are studied Islam, rose usually limited to the Shafi'i school. Whereas in most of the Muslims, mixing faith with pre-Islamic traditions. Priyayi circles near the Dutch even has plagued the European lifestyle. Conditions like this still happen at least until now. Apart from this, scholars Nusantara is the people who persevere against colonialism. Although many of them come from the congregation, but this is precisely among the congregation which often rise against invaders. And although the opposition was successfully suppressed by devious tactics, but history has recorded millions of martyrs who died in the archipelago various battles against the Dutch. Since the resistance of Islamic empires in the 16th and 17th centuries such as the Malacca (Malaysia), Sulu (Philippines), Pasai, Banten, Sunda Kelapa, Makassar, Ternate, until the resistance of the scholars in the 18th century such as the War of Cirebon (Good rangin), the Java War (Diponegoro), Padri War (Imam Bonjol), and the War in Aceh (Teuku Umar).


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