The fall of Majapahit

After reaching a peak in the 14th century, Majapahit power gradually weakened. There appears to be a civil war (War Paregreg) in 1405-1406, between Wirabhumi against Wikramawardhana. Similarly, there has been a fight about the turn of the king in the year 1450s, and the great rebellion waged by a nobleman in the year 1468.

In Javanese tradition there is a chronogram or candrasengkala which reads ilang kretaning earth vanished. This is said year Sengkala end of Majapahit, and should be read as 0041, the year of Saka 1400, or 1478 CE. Sengkala meaning is "gone gone prosperity earth." However, the truth is described by the deaths of Bre candrasengkala Kertabumi, the 11th king of Majapahit Kingdom, by Girindrawardhana [15].
A model ship display of Majapahit in the State Muzium, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

When Majapahit was founded, Muslim traders and the spreaders of religion had begun to enter the archipelago. In the late 14th century and early 15th century, the Majapahit influence throughout the archipelago began to decrease. At the same time, a new trading empire based on Islam, the Sultanate of Malacca, began to appear on the western part of the archipelago.

Note the history of China, Portuguese (Tome Pires), and Italy (Pigafetta) indicates that there has been displacement of the Majapahit kingdom in the hands of Hindu rulers into the hands of the Duke of Unus, the ruler of the Sultanate of Demak, between the years 1518 and 1521 AD


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