Fate of West Irian

At the time of independence, the Dutch government to maintain authority over the western island of New Guinea (Papua), and permitted steps toward self-government and the Declaration of independence on December 1, 1961.

Negotiations with the Netherlands concerning the merger with the Indonesian region failed, and his Indonesian paratroopers landed in New Guinea on December 18 before a battle between Indonesian and Dutch troops in 1961 and 1962. In 1962 the United States pressed the Netherlands to agree to conduct secret talks with Indonesia, which produces the New York Agreement in August 1962 and Indonesia took over the power of Irian Jaya on May 1, 1963.


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