'Jewel of Asia'

'Jewel of Asia'

 Bloody coup in Indonesia is a result of the intention of U.S. imperialism to gain absolute control over natural wealth and strategic resources of the archipelago, often called the 'Jewel That Asia.
Importance of Indonesia for U.S. imperialism emphasized by U.S. President Eisenhower in 1953, when he told a governors' conference states that the financing by the U.S. to the French colonial war in Vietnam is very imperative and is the "cheapest way" to keep control of Indonesia.

Eisenhower explained: "Now let us assume we lose Indochina. If Indochina goes, several things happen right away. Malay peninsula, the last surviving piece of land there, it will become harder to maintain. Tin and tungsten we so greatly value from that area would stopped coming, and all India would be outflanked.
"Burma would be in a position that can be sustained. All positions around there will be a very ominous to the United States, because in the end if we lost it all, how can the free world would maintain a rich empire of Indonesia?

"So, somewhere, this must be blocked and must be blocked now, and this is what we earn.

"So when the U.S. decided to donate 400 million dollars to help the war in Indochina, we are not voting a giveaway program. We choose the cheapest way to prevent something that will mean very bad for the United States, security, strength and our ability to acquire goods certain things we need from the riches of Indonesia and Southeast Asia. "
Indonesia has been estimated as the fifth richest country in the world in the field of natural resources. Apart from being an oil producer's fifth-largest, Indonesia has reserves of tin, bauxite, coal, gold, silver, diamonds, manganese, phosphorus, nickel, copper, rubber, coffee, palm oil, tobacco, sugar, coconut, herbs herbs, wood and quinine is very large.

In the year 1939, which at that time still called the Dutch East Indies supplied more than half the total consumption of raw materials that are important to the United States. Power over this important area is an important issue in US-Japanese war in the Pacific. In the period after the war the U.S. ruling class determined to not lose the riches of this country into the hands of the Indonesian people.
After the French defeat in Vietnam in 1954, the U.S. became concerned that the Vietnamese people's struggle would ignite revolutionary upheaval in the entire Southeast Asian region, threatening their control over Indonesia.

In 1965, just before the coup in Indonesia, Richard Nixon, soon to become U.S. president, calling for saturation bombing to protect the "great mineral potential" of Indonesia. Two years after that, he said that Indonesia is "the greatest gift of Southeast Asia."
After the coup in 1965, the utility of the Suharto dictatorship for the benefit of U.S. imperialism has been underlined in a U.S. State Department report to Congress in 1975, which referred to Indonesia as a "location of the most strategically authoritative in the world":

* "It has the largest population in the whole Southeast Asia.
* "It is a major supplier of raw materials in the area.
* "The prosperity of the growing Japanese economy, highly dependent on petroleum and other raw materials supplied by Indonesia.
* "Existing American investments in Indonesia are substantial, and our trade relationship is growing rapidly.
* "Indonesia will probably become an increasingly important supplier to U.S. energy needs.
* "Indonesia is an OPEC member, but it took a moderate stance in her footsteps, and did not participate in the oil embargo.
* "The Indonesian archipelago sits on the sea lanes and the Indonesian government plays a strategically vital role in maritime law negotiations, which is essential for our security and commercial interests."


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